Author： EnglishTeacher 2021-09-14
It’s quite common for foreigners teaching in China to take up jobs based at universities and colleges.
In my experience, foreign teachers at universities are typically assigned to teach oral English to undergraduates.
I've been a university teacher for almost all of my seven years in China and last year was the first time that I had been assigned to teach postgraduates.
If you’ve ever thought about teaching postgraduate students in China, read on to find out more about what it’s like.
In the UK, generally speaking, a teacher should hold a qualification at least one level higher than their students.
My department made it very clear that only teachers who hold a Masters degree or a PhD would be entitled to teach postgraduate students.
However, I’ve spoken to other teachers who’ve been able to teach postgraduate students in China without holding a Masters degree.
The requirements can vary from university to university.
English syllabuses for postgraduate students in China
If you teach oral English to postgraduate students, the contents of your course may include the following:
·Learning and education
·The information age
·Environment and nature
When I was first assigned to teach postgraduate students in China, my course had a study skills theme.
The syllabus that I was asked to deliver consisted of the following topics:
·International academic conferences
·Career-planning and job interviews
·Advances in science and technology
My Chinese university takes the teaching of postgraduate students quite seriously.
Unlike oral English classes at undergraduate level, at postgraduate level, activities like role-plays, games and watching movies wouldn’t be appropriate.
At postgraduate level, the students are expected to carry out independent research on a project of their choice.
I therefore decided to use student-led learning and discussions as my main teaching methods. I divided each class into groups, gave each group a topic and every week, one group would present their findings to the class.
After each presentation, students would be given the opportunity to ask questions, after which I would give them a number of exam practice questions that were relevant to the topic being discussed.
The part-time students presented a different problem – attendance.
Many of them wouldn’t come to my lesson if they had to work, had a conflicting class, was on an internship or had an illness in their family.
They were very surprised when the director of the postgraduate school at my university decided that the only acceptable reasons for absence were student illness or a family illness up to two generations.
In other words, you may only ask for time off if you yourself were ill or you had to look after a parent or grandparent.
Your request to be excused from class wouldn’t be granted for things like internships and business meetings, or even for a conflicting class.
On the other hand, postgraduate students tended to have one thing in common with the undergraduates.
They never take notes in class and were quite shocked when they realized that they would need to remember the material from their lessons in order to pass the exam.
What I like about teaching postgraduate students in China
I’ve always been against no-fail policies because it makes exams pointless.
For a professional teacher like me, the ability to fail a student whose work isn’t up to scratch is quite important. I like the fact that the postgraduate school backs their teachers up in the event of a dispute with a student.
If a student were to challenge their grade, the complaint wouldn’t be upheld if the teacher could produce evidence to justify the grading decision.
Unlike in some other departments at my university, in the postgraduate school I see the same students every week. I get to actually teach and to watch my students progress.
I also get paid overtime for teaching on Saturday, which is nice!
What I dislike about teaching postgraduate students
Since the standards for postgraduate students need to be higher, there’s a greater degree of standardization in the postgraduate school. This means much less academic freedom for individual teachers.
Requiring two examiners for each exam effectively doubles your workload. Not only do you have to examine your own students, you also need to examine another teacher’s students.
In the postgraduate school, in addition to the bi-annual exams, teachers also have to formally grade projects.
And, finally, the downside to teaching on Saturday means less time off.
Teaching Chinese postgrads is a challenge I'm up for
As you can see, there are advantages and disadvantages to teaching postgraduate students in China.
But, I'm really enjoying it so far. It's a good challenge.